Environmental Sciences (IES)

IES 175. First Year Seminar on the Environment and Sustainability. (1)

Introduces students to interdisciplinary approaches in environmental science and the sustainability of natural and human systems.

IES 177. Independent Studies. (0-5)

IES 211. Energy and Policy. (3)

Study of the relationships between energy technology and energy policy, with considerations of how policy and economic incentives influence the production and use of fossil fuels and renewable energy sources. Emphasis is on the regional and global impacts of different energy sources to natural resources and environmental quality.

IES 274. Introduction to Environment and Sustainability. (3)

Introduction to environmental and sustainability principles from social science and natural science perspectives. Critical analysis of environment and sustainability-related problems and resolution strategies. Review of foundational concepts and case studies, which may include environmental history, biotic and natural resources, energy and climate, planning and design, organizational management and policy, and sustainable development.

IES 275. Principles of Environmental Science. (3)

Topics include contamination of earth systems and pollution mitigation; use, abuse, and conservation of natural resources; land use, conservation and preservation, planning and management and the value of biodiversity and wilderness. Emphasis is on the multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems and their solutions.
Prerequisites: at least one course from each of the following three categories is either pre- or co-requisite: 1) BIO 191 or BIO 113, BIO/MBI 115; or 2) CHM 111 or CHM 142/5; and 3) GLG 111 or 121 or 141 or GEO 121.

IES 277. Independent Studies. (0-5)

IES 340. Internship. (0-20)

IES 377. Independent Studies. (0-5)

IES 409. Sustainability: European Challenges and Strategies. (3)

Examines social and environmental dimensions of sustainability challenges, and explore strategies for sustainability in European lifestyles, infrastructure, transport, business and policy, with a comparative look at the U.S. Anthropological and geographic method and theory ground a holistic perspective on human-environment relations, which students apply in their exploration of relevant issues in architecture and planning, business, engineering, social work, and natural and social sciences. Special attention is given to competing visions and priorities about what should be sustained, and for whom, and to resulting tensions and conflicts.
Cross-listed with ATH/GEO.

IES 409L. Sustainability: European challenges and strategies. (3)

Examines social and environmental dimensions of sustainability challenges, and explore strategies for sustainability in European lifestyles, infrastructure, transport, business and policy, with a comparative look at the U.S. Anthropological and geographic method and theory ground a holistic perspective on human-environment relations, which students apply in their exploration of relevant issues in architecture and planning, business, engineering, social work, and natural and social sciences. Special attention is given to competing visions and priorities about what should be sustained, and for whom, and to resulting tensions and conflicts.
Cross-listed with ATH/GEO.

IES 411/IES 511. Environmental Protocols. (4)

Lecture/field laboratory course will integrate the collection, analysis, management, evaluation and presentation of environmental measurements. One lab and two lectures per week. Appropriate for all environmental practitioners.

IES 412/IES 512. Tropical Ecosystems of Costa Rica. (5)

Introduces students to the structure and function of neotropical ecosystems, as well as to geological, biological, cultural, and economic forces affecting biodiversity in the tropics. This course is taught on-site in Costa Rica. There are additional costs beyond tuition.
Cross-listed with LAS.

IES 413/IES 513. Environmental Policy Making and Administration. (3)

Introduces students to problems and techniques of promulgating and implementing solutions to environmental problems, specifically various requirements of policy making and implementation in private and public institutions of society.
Prerequisite: upper-level undergraduate or graduate status.
Cross-listed with GEO/LAS 413 and GLG 423.

IES 416/IES 516. Connections: Understanding Tropical Ecology and Natural History via Belize, Central America. (5)

Intensive summer workshop exploring tropical ecology (terrestrial and marine) and human natural history in Belize, Central America. Emphasis is placed on habitat types and cultural use of different habitats. Environmental issues raised include the coexistence of human populations, agriculture, and natural habitats with normal diversity of native species.
Prerequisite: a college course in biology, environment concepts, or related topics.
Cross-listed with GEO/LAS.

IES 419/IES 519. Environment, Society & Justice. (3)

Interdisciplinary studies of the underlying social aspects of environmental problems and issues. Topics include the unequal distribution of hazardous waste sites, the environmental impacts of war, vulnerability to disaster, the social construction of the environment, population growth, environmental movements, the political economy of the environment, and ecological modernization.
Cross-listed with SJS.

IES 423/IES 523. Tropical Marine Ecology. (5)

Investigates aquatic systems (estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass beds, lagoons, beaches, intertidal zones, taxonomy of vertebrates and invertebrates of coral reefs, lagoons and tidal flats) paleobiology and global climate change (paleo-reconstruction of past lagoon environments, fossil coral reefs, and land use). Student research questions concerning biological and physical analyses of a select marine habitat are required. The course is taught on-site in the Florida Keys and the Bahamas. There are additional costs beyond tuition.
Cross-listed with GEO 413/GEO 513/GLG 413/GLG 513/LAS 413.

IES 429/IES 529. Environmental Communication. (3)

Examines theories, principles, and methods for communicating environmental concepts and scientific information verbally, textually and visually to a range of audiences and stakeholders. Students will work with scientists, peer communities, clients, and focus groups to develop effective and appropriate environmental communications across mediums. Projects may include producing scientific posters, writing reviews of research projects on an environmental problem, preparing oral presentations, creating visual story of scientific work, interviewing scientists for a general news story, writing environmental proposals, and facilitating focus groups.
Cross-listed with ENG/JRN.

IES 431/IES 531. Principles and Applications of Environmental Science. (3) (MPT)

Analysis of the relationship of human beings to the environment, specifically assessment of their impact on the environment as a whole. Attempts to outline the evolution and present status of many environmental problems, presents possible solutions, and attempts to predict our future relationship with nature.
Prerequisite: IES 275.

IES 439/IES 539. Stream Assessment Protocols for Habitat and Water Quality. (2)

An introduction to principles and methods for assessment of surface water quality and habitat. The course prepares students with practical skills needed to attain Qualified Data Collector (QDC) status with the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency using Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI) and chemical water quality to assess the condition of streams. Lecture and field activities will help students attain Level 1 QDC status for chemical water quality analysis and Level 2 QDC status for QHEI. Independent assessments of streams, individual work on study plans, and application to the state is required for OEPA certification.

IES 440/IES 540. Contemporary Topics in Environmental Sciences. (1-3; maximum 3)

An examination of historical and current world environmental conditions.

IES 450/IES 550. Environmental Law. (3)

Introduction to the origins of environmental law; discussion of regulatory agencies; regulation of water pollution, hazardous substances, solid waste, land use, and air pollution.
Prerequisite: upper-level undergraduate or graduate status.

IES 474. Sustainability in Practice. (3)

Application of sustainability principles to social and environmental problem solving, in an inter-disciplinary and project-based setting. Collaborative design of innovative strategies for addressing and resolving environmental concerns. Reflection on practical challenges of implementing sustainability principles in practice.
Prerequisite: IES 274 or permission of instructor.

IES 477. Independent Studies. (0-5)

IES 494/IES 594. Sustainability Perspectives in Resources and Business. (3) (MPC)

Provides students with interdisciplinary perspectives of sustainability in business and resource management through consideration of the economic, social, and environmental value of organizations. The course covers principles, case studies, and best practices used by organizations in several areas of sustainability, such as energy efficiency and alternatives, waste management and recycling, ecosystem services, product redesign and life cycle management, resource management, and sustainability planning and reporting.
Cross-listed with BUS.

IES 515. Coral Reef Ecology. (5)

Examines the coral reef environment including its biology, geologic setting, chemical and physical characteristics, and its relation to fossil coral reefs and global climate change. This course is taught on-site in the Bahamas. (415) CAS-D.
Prerequisite: SCUBA certification required, previous tropical field course experience or permission of instructor.
Cross-listed with GLG 415/GLG 515 and LAS 417.

IES 610. Professional Service Project. (2)

Major environmental project of concern to a local government or nonprofit organization in southwest Ohio is assigned to a group of students working as a team. The team is expected to develop solutions to the problem during two semesters.
Prerequisite: admission to IES.

IES 611. Environmental Problem Solving and Analysis. (1)

Interdiciplinary methodologies employed in solving environmental problems, with emphasis on problem definition and scoping, stakeholder involvement, developing and analyzing alternatives, and implementation of solutions.
Prerequisite: admission to IES or permission of instructor.

IES 620. Topic Seminar. (1)

Seminar on environmental topics of current importance such as environmental impact and risk assessment.
Prerequisite: admission to IES or permission of instructor.

IES 641. Earth Expeditions: Advanced Field. (5)

The Earth Expeditions: Advanced Field course allows students to more fully and deeply explore community-based conservation, participatory education, and inquiry at an international conservation site they have previously visited during a past Earth Expeditions course. Possible field sites for the Advanced Field course include Baja, Belize, Borneo, Costa Rica, Guyana, Hawai'i, Kenya, Mongolia, Namibia, and Thailand (see EarthExpeditions.org for detailed descriptions of each field site). Prior to and following the field experience, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 642. Amazon: Avian & Tropical Ecology. (5)

In the Amazonian Neotropical regions of Peru, reality has attained mythic proportions: more than 400 species of mammal, 1,300 bird species, 3,000 fish, 40,000 plants, and 2.5 million insect species. And still counting. Why is this area of South America the most diverse on the planet? How have the varied human groups that inhabit this region adapted to their unique environments? And perhaps the most relevant question for life on Earth, what is the future of the Amazon? Students travel to the Peruvian Amazon rainforest and work with educators, researchers, and local communities to better understand the evolution and maintenance of biodiversity in this region, and to experience firsthand the effects of human interventions in the Amazon, from deforestation and urbanization to restoration efforts by local groups. Prior to and following the field experience in the Amazon, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 643. Australia: Great Barrier Reef. (5)

One of the seven wonders of the natural world, the Great Barrier Reef lies in the clear blue waters off the northeast coast of Australia. This complex reef system is not only the world's greatest expanse of coral, it is the Earth's largest living structure, a massive, beautiful, and ancient biological phenomenon of bewildering diversity and immense ecological significance. This graduate course is offered jointly with Reef HQ Aquarium, Australia's National Education Centre for the Great Barrier Reef. We sleep near the corals in the aquarium itself, venturing forth on several excursions for direct research on the Great Barrier Reef, and hiking in some of Australia's unique terrestrial habitats. Discussion topics include marine science issues, citizen engagement in marine science and environmental stewardship. Prior to and following the field experience in Australia, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 644. Baja: Field Methods. (5)

Students discover the rich waters and terrestrial ecosystems of Baja's UNESCO World Heritage site and biosphere reserve on the Sea of Cortez. Bahia de los Angeles is a unique ecoregion with remarkable marine and terrestrial environments. Students also explore Rancho San Gregorio, a family-owned ranch located in a small canyon where its isolation and climate make it a hotspot for desert investigations. Students gain proficiency in applying field methods to ecological questions and conservation practice. A premise of this course is that field methods are not only essential for ecological research, they can serve as the basis for participatory education, public engagement in science, and community-based environmental stewardship. Many groups, from teachers leading schoolyard ecology to parataxonomists involved in ethnobotanical research, share a need for reliable information obtained through robust field methods to build understanding and to promote informed action. Prior to and following the field experience in Baja, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 645. Belize: Approaches to Environmental Stewardship. (5)

Students join our partner, the Belize Zoo, and explore diverse terrestrial, coastal, and coral reef communities of Belize, while learning about conservation programs on such species as harpy eagles, jaguars, manatees, and howler monkeys. Possible investigations include monitoring manatee population dynamics, human influence on coral reefs, aquatic mangrove species sampling, and species behavior studies at the Belize Zoo. Discover the power of inquiry to generate knowledge and inspire conservation. All students will have the chance to conduct an investigation of the local ecosystem, asking their own questions, collecting data, and presenting conclusions. Prior to and following the field experience in Belize, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 646. Borneo: Primate Conservation. (5)

Borneo's primate community is exceptionally rich, including proboscis monkeys, which occur only in Borneo, leaf monkey, macaque, gibbons, tarsier and slow loris. Of greatest conservation concern is the orangutan, which occurs naturally on only two islands in the world, Borneo and Sumatra, and is under increasingly severe pressure, primarily from habitat loss. The orangutan, the only great ape in Asia, may completely vanish from the wild within two decades. Partnered with the Woodland Park Zoo, we will join researchers from the NGO Hutan and the Danau Girang Field Centre, and villagers of the Kinabatangan region who are responsible for model community-based efforts to preserve orangutans, Bornean pygmy elephants, and other species. In addition to exploring primatological field methods, students will work with local groups and develop new ways to engage communities worldwide in saving orangutans and other wildlife. Prior to and following the field experience in Borneo, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 647. Guyana: Local Wisdom & Conservation. (5)

Guyana's rain forests are part of the Guiana Shield considered one of the last four Frontier Forests in the world. Guyana is famous for its relative abundance of iconic Amazonian species such as jaguars, arapaima (a "living fossil" and one of the largest freshwater fishes in the world), harpy eagles, giant anteaters, giant river otter, and the giant water lily. Guyana is also culturally and ethnically diverse. We will spend most of our time with the Makushi, an indigenous group that has lived in these forests and savannas for thousands of years. The Makushi and their lands face a striking transition as the forces of development provide new opportunities and challenges, the greatest perhaps being the rapid extinction of traditional knowledge. Conscious of the value of indigenous and non-indigenous knowledge, Guyana's Makushi people are becoming masters of straddling both worlds. Prior to and following the field experience in Guyana, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 648. Hawai'i: Saving Species. (5)

The extraordinary island ecosystems of Hawai'i evolved in isolation over millions of years, and the islands have long been home to species that occur nowhere else on the planet. However, since the arrival of humans, native species have been under tremendous threat, and by many measures Hawai'i is becoming one of the United States' most profound conservation failures. Habitat destruction, environmental degradation, introduced species, and other forces have made Hawai'i a global center for extinction. Students in this course will join with San Diego Zoo Global (SDZG), Project Dragonfly, and Hawaiian partners to explore what it takes to save species in the wild. We will focus especially on the inspirational work of SDZG's Institute for Conservation Research, which uses science, education, and community programs to rescue species from the brink of extinction. We expect Earth Expedition's Hawai'i program to immerse graduate students and local partners in developing and testing site-specific methods of community engagement to sustain ecological and social health. Prior to and following the field experience in Hawai'i, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 649. Kenya: Wildlife & People in Integrated Landscapes. (5)

The South Rift Valley of Kenya is one of the most spectacular wildlife areas on the planet. Project Dragonfly has partnered with the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden and the African Conservation Centre to advance community-based conservation in this dynamic landscape. This effort builds on the decades-long research of Dr. David Western, former head of the Kenya Wildlife Service, and the centuries-long research of the Maasai pastoralists, who have long co-existed with wildlife in an open grassland ecosystem populated by elephants, lions, giraffes, zebra, wildebeests, and a remarkable diversity of other species. With the rise of nontraditional lifestyles, private ranches, and fenced lands that prevent needed wildlife migrations, communities of the South Rift have recognized the need to understand the impact of these changes and to work together for a better future. Join Kenyan conservationists, educators, community leaders, and youth to study sustainable approaches to human-wildlife coexistence. Prior to and following the field experience in Kenya, students will complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions. Cross-listed wtih BIO.

IES 651. Mongolia: Steppe Ecology & Civic Media. (5)

Students travel to Mongolia, the "Land of Blue Sky." The birthplace of the Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous empire in human history, Mongolia is now a vibrant democracy and home to an open wilderness that has few parallels in the modern world. We will explore the great steppes, and especially engage in the conservation story of two key steppe species: Pallas' cats and Przewalski's horse. Pallas' cats are important steppe predators whose conservation provides insights into the challenges facing the survival of small wild cats worldwide. Przewalski's horse, also called takhi, are considered to be the only true wild horse left in the world. We will join research on an ambitious reintroduction project based in Mongolia that has returned this remarkable species to its former homeland after being driven to extinction in the wild. Prior to and following the field experience in Mongolia, students will complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 652. Thailand: Buddhism & Conservation. (5)

Students travel to Thailand to investigate this country's astonishing Old World rain forests and diverse cultural environments. This course will address key topics in ecology while exploring emerging models of conservation and education. Possible research projects include Buddhism and the environment, indigenous ecological knowledge, spiritual connections to nature, and community forests. Discover the power of inquiry to generate knowledge and inspire conservation. All students conduct an investigation of the local ecosystem, asking their own questions, collecting data, and presenting conclusions. Prior to and following the field experience in Thailand, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 653. India: Species, Deities & Communities. (5)

Students journey to India through the rich ecological, cultural, and spiritual landscapes of the Western Ghats, exploring sacred groves and forest temples where the fate of wildlife, people, and deities meet. The Western Ghats region is well known to conservationists as a biodiversity hotspot, home to diverse local ecosystems with an abundance of plant and animal species found nowhere else. The existence of sacred groves in the Western Ghats predates recorded history. For social scientists, sacred groves are valued as centers for community life. For the spiritually inclined, sacred groves transcend earthly bounds, allowing people to commune with gods and other powerful beings that offer protection, enlightenment, absolution, or guidance. In this course, we seek to better understand the multifaceted relationship between people and nature, and we address specific questions about a sustainable future. Prior to and following the field experience in India, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 670. Environmental Practicum. (1-12; maximum 12)

Provides advanced graduate student with opportunity to apply acquired knowledge to the solution of an environmental problem.
Prerequisite: satisfactory completion of comprehensive examination.

IES 677. Independent Studies. (0-5)

IES 680. Environmental Internship. (1-12; maximum 12)

Provides advanced graduate student with opportunity to apply acquired knowledge while working for approximately six months with an appropriate sponsoring organization actively involved in interdisciplinary environmental activities.
Prerequisite: satisfactory completion of comprehensive examination.

IES 690. Special Problems in Environmental Science. (1-4; maximum 6)

Independent or team research on a current environmental problem.

IES 691. Costa Rica: Neotropical Ecology. (5)

Students join a summer field course in Costa Rica to explore Neotropical systems, including lowland rain forest and cloud forest; engage in inquiry and action projects on vital issues in education and conservation. Prior to and following the field experience in Costa Rica, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 692. Namibia: Great Cat Conservation. (5)

Students join a summer field course in Namibia, Africa, to connect with the Cheetah Conservation Fund, the global center of cheetah conservation worldwide; engage in inquiry and action projects on vital issues in education and conservation. Prior to and following the field experience in Namibia, students complete coursework via Dragonfly's Web-Based Learning Community as they apply experiences to their home institutions.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 694. Habitats, Adaptations, & Evolution. (3)

Students will complete a semester-long research project to explore habitats, evolutionary theory and adaptation; create research questions which can also cover individual classroom goals or district goals or state or national standards. This is a hybrid course with interaction on-site and in Dragonfly's web-based learning community.
Cross-listed with BIO/GLG.

IES 695. Plants & People: Earth Expeditions. (3)

Students will complete a semester-long research project to explore emerging, vital conversation about the role of nature in human development and learning, with a particular focus on plants and their use in education; generate knowledge and illuminate the relationship between plants and people. This is a hybrid course with interaction on-site and in Dragonfly's web-based learning community.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 696. Primate Behavior & Conservation. (3)

Students will complete a semester-long research project to investigate primate conservation and behavior through direct observation of prosimians, monkeys, and apes at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden. This is a hybrid course with interaction on-site and in Dragonfly's web-based learning community.
Cross-listed with BIO.

IES 700. Research for Master's Thesis. (1-12; maximum 12)

Prerequisite: satisfactory completion of comprehensive examination.